The most popular potential monopoly phenomenon in

2022-08-01
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The potential monopoly phenomenon in China's automobile industry is common. In fact, the potential monopoly phenomenon in the automobile industry is common and has become the dark corner of competition in the world's largest automobile market. Industry insiders have also made many disclosures about this, and hope to rectify the market through the reform of laws and regulations

antitrust in the automobile industry has been put on the table again. A few days ago, the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Commerce said that he was reviewing the potential monopoly in China's automobile industry. This statement quickly tightened the nerves of the automobile industry

at the end of May, the Ministry of Commerce issued the notice on conducting questionnaire survey on regional blockade and industrial monopoly to the China Automobile Circulation Association, and began to solicit opinions and demands on breaking regional blockade and industrial monopoly. As early as last year, the China Automobile Circulation Association had found out the monopoly data in the industry and reported it to the relevant departments of the national development and Reform Commission

in fact, the potential monopoly phenomenon in the automotive industry is common, and has become the dark corner of competition in the world's largest automotive market. Industry insiders have also made many disclosures about this, and hope to rectify the market through the reform of laws and regulations

vertical monopoly exists in automobile sales

recently, the phenomenon of sky high prices and huge profits of imported luxury cars has been repeatedly exposed. This has also become a typical embodiment of vertical monopoly in automobile sales

the exorbitant profits of imported cars are generally attributed to the market monopoly brought about by the general agency model. Zhaofuquan, President of the Institute of automotive industry and technology strategy of Tsinghua University, pointed out that the exclusive agency mode of imported cars makes the market lack of competition and consumers have no choice, which is easy to cause price monopoly

Rao Da, the Secretary General of the Federation of passenger cars, has also pointed out many times that China's measures for the implementation of automobile brand sales management are not perfect, which has strengthened the monopoly and control position of automobile manufacturers. Originally, the exempted monopoly industries should first issue anti-monopoly rules, but China has not issued anti-monopoly implementation rules for the automotive industry so far. The most fundamental aspect of the vertical monopoly of automobile is the sales monopoly, which includes such phenomena as the pressure on the warehouse, the failure to compensate the dealers for the inventory vehicles when the automobile prices are reduced, and the passive cross regional sales of dealers are not allowed

according to some automobile dealers, the current operation cost of luxury cars is too high, which makes it difficult for some dealers to make profits even though the price seems high to the outside world. If you don't invest in building a flagship store, people won't let you sell it

It is easy to replace

that is, to use Chinese money to improve its brand image. Cuidongshu, an automotive analyst, said that imported cars actually adopt competitive pricing rather than cost pricing. For example, a brand will determine the price based on competitive products, pushing up the overall price system. Moreover, due to the small sales volume in the market, it is difficult to absorb the high operating costs. This is also a factor causing high prices

a variable that is changing the market system of imported luxury cars will be parallel import. It is not a single brand dealer, but a dealer that operates multiple brand models at the same time, which can relatively reduce prices and operating costs. It is expected to have an impact on the mainstream distribution model of imported cars in the future

in China's automobile industry dominated by joint ventures, another common criticism is the monopoly of parts

the consensus of the industry on automobile monopoly is that in the production and manufacturing, especially in the procurement of spare parts, the foreign party basically has the final say in. At present, in the production and manufacturing of joint venture automobile enterprises, the foreign party is in an absolute control position in the vast majority of joint venture automobile enterprises. This also limits the growth of the local supplier system to the EU and its living space to a large extent. At the same time, the foreign side also makes secondary profits from the upstream manufacturing industry of spare parts

recently, the passenger car association has continued to pay attention to the phenomenon of parts monopoly and technology monopoly in automobile after-sales service. The vertical monopoly of original auto parts includes the provision that the intellectual property rights of parts designed by suppliers belong to the whole vehicle manufacturers; 4S stores can only start from Yunnan germanium industry, Ganfeng lithium industry, Dongfang zirconium industry and Guiyan platinum industry; It is suggested that Jiaozuo Wanfang manufacturers who pay attention to the improvement of cost structure should import accessories; The 4S store has to use original parts for maintenance, which is a common phenomenon. In addition, the technical monopoly of after-sales service includes not disclosing vehicle maintenance technical information to independent maintenance enterprises and consumers; Do not disclose the model and test parameters of diagnostic equipment; Do not disclose the type of special tools for maintenance and the information of the manufacturer, etc. The original parts are not available in the market, and there is no maintenance technical information. Many users are afraid to go to the repair shop to repair their cars. They can only go to the 4S store. The 4S store has greatly raised the labor fee, further harming the interests of consumers

Rao Da believes that breaking the monopoly of parts and maintenance technology will be conducive to the development of automotive aftermarket and economy. After the monopoly of accessories is broken and there are many options for accessories in the market, it is necessary to issue regulations on the quality management of auto parts, stipulating that auto parts must be certified by the auto quality inspection agency before they can be listed, which greatly increases the business volume of the certification agency, and also generates more certification agencies and is conducive to the employment of college students. If the certification body is found to be fraudulent, a fine of times the certification income will be imposed to gradually purify the parts market and prevent the breaking of the parts monopoly. The parts market is still in chaos. It can also eliminate the manufacturers of fake and shoddy parts, reduce the costs and troubles of the manufacturers in cracking down on fake parts, and better protect the interests of users

local protection induces second-hand car monopoly

according to the China Automobile Circulation Association, the Ministry of Commerce recently issued the notice on conducting a questionnaire survey on regional blockade industry monopoly to the association, and began to consult the association and its member enterprises on breaking the regional blockade and industry monopoly. This is another investigation after the China Automobile Circulation Association found out the monopoly data in the industry last year and reported it to the national development and Reform Commission through computer data collection and processing

from the perspective of the industry, the current local protection of the automobile industry mainly focuses on the circulation of used cars and the entry of new energy vehicles into the home

a relevant person from the China Automobile Circulation Association said that the poor circulation of used cars caused by relocation restrictions has been transmitted to the new car market. At present, the number of motor vehicles in China has reached the level of 120million. From the prosperity and development in 2009, a number of vehicles will enter the replacement period by 2014. However, the change in the policy of restricting the relocation of used vehicles and the trading platform will directly affect the replacement of new vehicles. The China Automobile Circulation Association has submitted to the general office of the Ministry of environmental protection the proposal on canceling the unreasonable regulations on restricting the relocation of used cars in local cities, calling on all localities to cancel the relocation restrictions on used cars

in the field of new energy vehicles, which is booming at present, the phenomenon of local monopoly is also serious. Many places have set up a local catalogue of new energy vehicles. Non local new energy vehicles will not receive local subsidies, or even be squeezed out of the catalogue and cannot be licensed. Previously, new energy vehicles produced by BYD and other enterprises could not be sold in major cities for a long time, unless they were settled in local production lines, which pushed up the operating costs of enterprises

since the beginning of this year, driven by the strong policy, Shanghai, Beijing and other cities have clearly introduced foreign brand new energy vehicles to participate in the market competition, but there are still subsidy restrictions, improving testing conditions, and only introducing relevant models of local supported new energy technologies. Therefore, insiders also pointed out that the national competent departments should set up a unified catalogue of new energy vehicles to prevent local policies. (chenzhijie)

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